Cities with the Best Transportation Systems

One of the most important factors for city to be successful is a good transportation system. Actually, a convenient public transportation system is often a motivator for many people to move into particular neighborhoods and cities, because it provides an opportunity to easily get to any place needed in short period of time. There is no need to drive a car and spend a lot of money on gasoline. Public transportation is what ensures convenient movement, so here is a list of the cities with best transportation systems in the world and methods how they have achieved that.

There is no wonder that Germany is a leader in transportation and Berlin has one of the most successful transportation systems in the world. There is enormous underground transportation system called the U-Bahn that covers more than 132 kilometers of the city. This system runs trains every two minutes, so public transportation in this city is very available. It is linked with other transportation systems of the city, so different types of transportation can be easily connected. Also public transportation in Berlin is recognized as one of the safest in the world.

Probably also London, England is no surprise. It has the oldest underground network in the world, which is 400 kilometers long. Also it is the more used transportation system in the world. Despite the age of this transportation system, it is very innovative. It has all the safety measures so it is relatively safe for a subway system of its size. It is possible to get from one side of the London to another, using one transportation network only.

Of course, we almost must mention New York in USA. Its subway system is phenomenal. It is more than 100 years old and covers more than 375 kilometers of the city. It is now also very safe as there was special safety changes introduced after acts of terrorism in 2011. In 2006, it maintained a consistent train schedule from the previous year. As almost five million people use this transportation system every day, it is definitely very successful safe.

One of the best transportation systems definitely has Copenhagen in Denmark. First of all, it has innovative metro system. It was completed only in 2002, but it works without any hesitations and it is linked by another train system, the S-trains. This train system connects people from the suburbs and other more remote regions of Denmark. Danish train network is ran through a computer, which increases efficiency and safety. So it is possible to easily get around the whole city using metro and train system, but what is really commendable, they also have urban bike program that allows people to take a bike in one station and leave it in another zone across town free of charge.

In the first place is Seoul in South Korea. Its metro system is repeatedly declared as the best public transportation system in the whole world. More than 8 million people uses this transportation system every day. It covers 287 kilometers of the city and is connected with cities bus system. What is the best about this system, it has everything people need – LED screens that tell when the next train is coming in Korean and English, Wi-Fi access and robots that help passengers to find information.


Greenest cities in the world

Although, in opinion of most of the people, green lifestyle and big cities doesn’t go along, because cities are the biggest cause of pollution and habitat destruction, there are some cities that are developing more environmentally friendly economies and doing everything to reduce the negative side effects of urbanization. Here is a list of the greenest and most sustainable cities in the world.

In the fifth place there is London in United Kingdom. Although London and the whole England still is associated with Industrial Revolution and great amount of pollution, this city really has become green and can be a good example for many other cities. First of all, London is planning to switch 25% of its power generation to efficient local sources and England is a home place for 10 very efficient operational offshore wind farms. Also city one one of the firsts, which introduced higher taxes to the emission spouting cars and canceled taxes for electric vehicles. By these actions London is planing to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 60% in the next few decades.

The fourth greenest city is Vancouver. Also this might come as surprise for many people, because Vancouver is very densely populated and modern city, but it is also the cleanest city in the world. 90% of cities energies supply is produced by hydroelectric stations and the rest of the energy mostly is produced by renewable resources. It is recognized as cleanest city mostly because it has the lowest carbon dioxide emissions per capita.

In the third place is Stockholm. Actually Stockholm is quite popular with its green and sustainable ideology. It has been awarded as cleanest city in the world many times. Stockholm even has special environment program that focuses on environmentally efficient transport, buildings free of dangerous substances, sustainable energy use, sustainable use of land and water and sustainable waste treatment. Also Stockholm is focusing on reduction of carbon dioxide emissions and coming up with urban innovations to remain the modern lifestyle with less negative environmental impacts.

In the second place is Amsterdam. The first thing that comes in mind when talking about Amsterdam usually is the cycling infrastructure and that is what makes this city so green. People really are mostly using bicycles not cars. They get around the city this way and that, of course, means reduction of carbon dioxide emissions. However, the transportation is not the only way how Amsterdam think of environment. This city also is one of the leaders in renewable energy generation.

And the greenest city in the world is Copenhagen. This city really is a good example of how urban area should be planned, designed and ran. Its infrastructure is designed to be convenient to bicycling and walking rather than cars, so people really are walking and cycling instead of driving cars. Also Copenhagen has a huge offshore wind farm to produce energy from renewable resources. What is interesting, there are lot of green roofs and parks in Copenhagen to absorb the pollution which already is relatively minimal. All the other cities should take an example from Copenhagen to become more sustainable.

Urban Innovations

The world is rapidly urbanizing. Already half of the world’s population live in urban areas and it is predicted that by the time of 2050 about 86% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. As urbanization comes with many serious environmental, economical and social problems, there is an urgent need to find new ways to address challenges faced by cities and urbanites. That why scientists and urban planners cooperate to to come up with successful urban innovations, which could prevent all the potential threats. Here are some of the newest urban innovations that could really give some positive effect.

The first innovation is re-programmable space. That means one building or other urban object can be transformed and used for many different reasons. As urban populations increase dramatically, the world will need to increase its urban capacity as well. By the time of 2050 the urban space should be increased almost by half. There is no time to build new infrastructure so cities must focus on the more convenient use of existing infrastructure. For example, there can be a park made on the shopping mall’s rooftop to save the place.

Smart water management models are now already being used in many cities. These water management models use sensors in network pipes. That allows to monitor the flow of water and manage the hole water cycle in the urban area. That provides sustainable water consumption. Ecological changes negatively affects the management of freshwater resource. There is huge water loss due to leakage. We loose almost 30% of fresh water just, because of wrong management, and smart water management models could change that.

Another great urban innovation is co-generation. That means re-using wasted energy, heat and even turning pollution into resource. For example, CO2 can be used in industrial processes or even in electricity generating processes. If the all emitted CO2 could be gathered, the pollution would be reduced and there would be a lot of free, useful resources. This is very important innovation, because within the growth of urban population, biggest cities emits way too much carbon dioxide to make it possible to stop the global warming and other ecological threats. Also the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions won’t give the necessary effect anymore, so only chance is to collect the emissions and recycle them.

Smart transportation systems could reduce the usage of personal transportation and optimize the capacity of free spots in transportation. Smart transportation systems includes many different aspects, but the basic idea is to make it possible to call a transportation via smartphone to optimize public transportation roots and also to use other people personal transportation to get around. Vehicle traffics cause a waste of fuel and air pollution. If there would be a chance to get around the city cheaper, many people would probably use it and there would be less cars on the rods, which also means less traffic.

Basically, all urban innovations can reduce or totally provide serious problems caused by urbanization. As this process is only increasing, the usage and integration of these and other urban innovations are the only way how we can avoid the global problems which urbanization have brought.