Cities should be created for people, but actually, nowadays they are more convenient for cars. There are wide roads for cars, huge parking lots and everything else needed to comfortably get around with a car, but no one really thinks about the needs of pedestrians. They have only small, uncomfortable sidewalks that in many cases can not even lead to the desired location. Here are main city planning principles to make the place convenient for pedestrians.
First of all, areas should be arranged in a grid. That means small spaces should be laid out in a network of pathways, creating living blocks. There should be three levels of pathways and roads to ensure easy access to each place with different types of transportation, including walking by foot. This arrangement will maximize interconnection and ensure convenient movement for pedestrians.
There should be small living blocks created. Both individual and collective spaces should minimized to such level everyone can easily access them. That means the distance between entries and pathways should be limited to ensure maximum circulation. Small living blocks will make movement of pedestrians much easier, so there won’t be so urgent need for transportation.
Blank walls should be avoided. Most of the establishments has only one main entry an other sides of the buildings creates blank walls. That is not only aesthetically and architecturally wrong, but also not very functional, because they are limiting the use area and makes walking near them very uncomfortable.
The buildings should be designed for people not cars. For now, most of the establishments which are meant for people are actually designed for the cars, because there is a parking lot in front of the entry. That means it is lot more easier to access it with transportation not by walking. As modern urban community needs to first think about pedestrians, parking lots should be arranged behind the establishment.
The sidewalks should be pleasant enough for walking. For now we see sidewalks more as a corridors that we must get trough to end up in a place where we need to be, but instead we should think of sidewalks as places to inhabit. Sidewalks should be wide enough to pass comfortably, but still not too wide to not feel empty. Also they should have amenities, such as benches, bike racks, lighting, and plantings.
And lastly there should be a mix of uses. That means there shouldn’t be zoning such as office blocks, living blocks, shopping blocks etc. Everything should be mixed up, so it would be easier to access needed places. If people can live, work, shop and play within a few nearby neighborhoods, they won’t have to be dependent of transportation. They will be able to get everything they need by walking.
Putting pedestrians in the first place might seem like a step back in the past, because now almost everyone have personal transportation and it people better choose to drive a car not walk by foot, but it is smart and sustainable city planning, which focuses on the needs of people. If everything will be easy accessible by walking, there won’t be a need to drive a car anymore.