Cities with the Best Transportation Systems

One of the most important factors for city to be successful is a good transportation system. Actually, a convenient public transportation system is often a motivator for many people to move into particular neighborhoods and cities, because it provides an opportunity to easily get to any place needed in short period of time. There is no need to drive a car and spend a lot of money on gasoline. Public transportation is what ensures convenient movement, so here is a list of the cities with best transportation systems in the world and methods how they have achieved that.

There is no wonder that Germany is a leader in transportation and Berlin has one of the most successful transportation systems in the world. There is enormous underground transportation system called the U-Bahn that covers more than 132 kilometers of the city. This system runs trains every two minutes, so public transportation in this city is very available. It is linked with other transportation systems of the city, so different types of transportation can be easily connected. Also public transportation in Berlin is recognized as one of the safest in the world.

Probably also London, England is no surprise. It has the oldest underground network in the world, which is 400 kilometers long. Also it is the more used transportation system in the world. Despite the age of this transportation system, it is very innovative. It has all the safety measures so it is relatively safe for a subway system of its size. It is possible to get from one side of the London to another, using one transportation network only.

Of course, we almost must mention New York in USA. Its subway system is phenomenal. It is more than 100 years old and covers more than 375 kilometers of the city. It is now also very safe as there was special safety changes introduced after acts of terrorism in 2011. In 2006, it maintained a consistent train schedule from the previous year. As almost five million people use this transportation system every day, it is definitely very successful safe.

One of the best transportation systems definitely has Copenhagen in Denmark. First of all, it has innovative metro system. It was completed only in 2002, but it works without any hesitations and it is linked by another train system, the S-trains. This train system connects people from the suburbs and other more remote regions of Denmark. Danish train network is ran through a computer, which increases efficiency and safety. So it is possible to easily get around the whole city using metro and train system, but what is really commendable, they also have urban bike program that allows people to take a bike in one station and leave it in another zone across town free of charge.

In the first place is Seoul in South Korea. Its metro system is repeatedly declared as the best public transportation system in the whole world. More than 8 million people uses this transportation system every day. It covers 287 kilometers of the city and is connected with cities bus system. What is the best about this system, it has everything people need – LED screens that tell when the next train is coming in Korean and English, Wi-Fi access and robots that help passengers to find information.


What makes city attractive?

There are many different cities all around the world. They all are great and interesting places in some way, but still some of the cities are more desirable than others. What are the core processes and benchmarks that can change cities from simple living areas to into superior places? Urban planners have come up with some ideas, so here are some things that makes cities attractive to people.

Most important factor that determinate the status and image of the city, of course, is economic. It is no wonder that people are willing to move to the cities which have the faster economic growth, because that means great job opportunities and high living standards. People has always been looking for a better, easier life and fastest way how to get that is by choosing a place where everything of that is accessible without hard work.

But fast growing economic is not the only factor that allures people to specific cities. For many people also peace is important. That might seem as a paradox, because if people are looking for peace, they should live in countryside not in a big city, but as there are better life opportunities in the cities, people choose to leave the countryside, but they are not ready for the chaotic environment. In the biggest cities there are cars and people everywhere. There is noise, hectic lifestyle and other stressful factors. That is what most of the people doesn’t want in their lives, so they are looking for big, but yet quiet and calm cities.

Similar situation is with pollution and luck of green areas. People want cities to be sustainable, clean and green, because it ensure better health and living conditions. People are not willing to live in very polluted cities, although all the biggest, richest cities are very polluted, because of the great number of people living and working there. In most of the cases growth of economic also means growth of industries, which however leads to growth of pollution. Also here are only few green areas where to enjoy some nature, because most of the place urbanized.

People also like successfully planned cities. That means there are correct arrangement and mix of buildings and establishments, appropriate infrastructure, all kind of transportation opportunities, socialization opportunities etc. In short, people likes those cities where they can have everything they need at one place. That is why many people choose to live in smaller cities despite the economic indicators.

And lats thing that attracts people is history and culture. Not only tourists are interested in the heritage of the city. Also people who are choosing a city for living, usually think of these kind of things. It is lot more pleasant to live in the city which is world famous because of its cultural heritage. Unlike all the other factors, this is something that city either has or don’t. It can’t be created or gained within time.

So basically people want the easy life opportunities that, in most of the cases, only big cities can ensure, but they what to remain the characteristics of a countryside or small towns. People want cities to be rich, sustainable, convenient, compact and interesting. The most desirable places for living are those which can ensure all of that.

Can city be sustainable?

As we all know, cities have become a hot spot for climate action. The pollution level in the cities is many times higher than in rural areas, beside expansion of the cities eats up forested lands, which absorbs this pollution. It is predicted that by the time of 2050 about 86% of developed world population will live in the cities, so cities will need to become more sustainable, otherwise the huge level of greenhouse gas emissions and other kind of pollution will slowly destroy the world. Is it possible to make cities sustainable and make the urbanization less threatening to the environment?

Actually it is possible to reduce the pollution created by the cities and it is already being done in most of the cities, beside growing urbanization can be even good to the environment, because people who live in big cities drive less, use less energy, and enquirer less resources. If only city consistent with the environmentally friendly living principles, it can be truly sustainable.

The first factor which determinate if the city is sustainable or not is the road network. Urban commuters spend a lot of time stuck in traffic congestion, burning gasoline and emitting carbon dioxide. If cities could exclude that, the pollution and the carbon footprint would reduce significantly. Cities should have tree level roads, good mass transit systems and most important, convenient sidewalks and cycle paths. Focusing more on pedestrians and cyclists would get more cars off the road and that would result with less pollution caused by chaotic traffic.

Next factor that is important for sustainability is energy efficient buildings. Almost 40% of carbon dioxide emissions come from heating, cooling, and powering buildings. To avoid this, there should be good insulation of the buildings and modern, energy efficient heating and ventilation equipment. That could help cities to reduce energy consumption by 30%.

Also transportation must be environmentally friendly. Cities should choose energy efficient public transportation. For example, each of the biggest cities should have metro and streetcar lines, because electric powered transportation emits less greenhouse gas. Also buses now can be electricity powered. Cities must be innovative and think of ways how to make public transportation as environmentally friendly and available as possible.

And also sustainable city must be green. Of course, it is impossible to save forest lands if we want to build cities, but we can leave some green areas. Parks and gardens are not meant only for aesthetics. They absorb the pollution created by urban infrastructure. Sustainable city must have green areas and trees that could fight against the pollution. These areas have been exterminated, because they doesn’t bring economic contribution, but they are very important for sustainability.

Every city can be sustainable, but it requires come improvements and reorganization. If urban residents, municipalities and also countries will focus more on sustainability not only economical growth, urbanization won’t cause destruction of the planet. However, if the cities won’t become sustainable soon, there will really be some serious environmental problems that whole humanity will face with.

Urban Innovations

The world is rapidly urbanizing. Already half of the world’s population live in urban areas and it is predicted that by the time of 2050 about 86% of the world’s population will live in urban areas. As urbanization comes with many serious environmental, economical and social problems, there is an urgent need to find new ways to address challenges faced by cities and urbanites. That why scientists and urban planners cooperate to to come up with successful urban innovations, which could prevent all the potential threats. Here are some of the newest urban innovations that could really give some positive effect.

The first innovation is re-programmable space. That means one building or other urban object can be transformed and used for many different reasons. As urban populations increase dramatically, the world will need to increase its urban capacity as well. By the time of 2050 the urban space should be increased almost by half. There is no time to build new infrastructure so cities must focus on the more convenient use of existing infrastructure. For example, there can be a park made on the shopping mall’s rooftop to save the place.

Smart water management models are now already being used in many cities. These water management models use sensors in network pipes. That allows to monitor the flow of water and manage the hole water cycle in the urban area. That provides sustainable water consumption. Ecological changes negatively affects the management of freshwater resource. There is huge water loss due to leakage. We loose almost 30% of fresh water just, because of wrong management, and smart water management models could change that.

Another great urban innovation is co-generation. That means re-using wasted energy, heat and even turning pollution into resource. For example, CO2 can be used in industrial processes or even in electricity generating processes. If the all emitted CO2 could be gathered, the pollution would be reduced and there would be a lot of free, useful resources. This is very important innovation, because within the growth of urban population, biggest cities emits way too much carbon dioxide to make it possible to stop the global warming and other ecological threats. Also the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions won’t give the necessary effect anymore, so only chance is to collect the emissions and recycle them.

Smart transportation systems could reduce the usage of personal transportation and optimize the capacity of free spots in transportation. Smart transportation systems includes many different aspects, but the basic idea is to make it possible to call a transportation via smartphone to optimize public transportation roots and also to use other people personal transportation to get around. Vehicle traffics cause a waste of fuel and air pollution. If there would be a chance to get around the city cheaper, many people would probably use it and there would be less cars on the rods, which also means less traffic.

Basically, all urban innovations can reduce or totally provide serious problems caused by urbanization. As this process is only increasing, the usage and integration of these and other urban innovations are the only way how we can avoid the global problems which urbanization have brought.